Dragon fruit or Pitaya is an unusual fruit. The first mention of it is found in the Aztecs and dates back to the 13th century. Eating the pulp, the Indians roasted the seeds, grinded them and used them for soup. Currently, it is grown in southern Mexico, in some countries of Central and South America, in Vietnam, as well as in Israel (in the Negev desert). For outstanding appearance, the fruit is called “dragon fruit” (prickly pear). This bushy tree-like cactus, at the ends of the stems of which ripe juicy fruits. The flowers appear on it strictly on the first and the fifteenth day of the month. Depending on the type, the size of the fruit varies, the color of the pulp (white, pink, purple), the color of the peel (from yellow to orange, from red to purple) and the texture of the fruit surface (with small outgrowths, with thin color scales). The flesh of the fruit is always filled with small black seeds, which are usually cleaned.
The taste of food is somewhat inferior to its appearance – not fragrant, unsaturated, slightly sweet. Attractive-looking fruits of Dragon fruit are actively used in cooking and before all in the production of various alcoholic beverages. Juice and pulp are added to the composition of sweets, ice cream, sorbets, yoghurts and various dairy products, from the pulp cook jam, sauces and jelly. Juice nourish is mixed with lemon and lime for the preparation of “summer drinks.” To prepare pitaya for consumption, the fruit is usually cut vertically into two halves. After that, you can either cut these halves into slices (just as you cut a melon), or scoop out the pulp with a spoon. Although the seeds of Dragon fruit are rich in valuable lipids, they are usually not digested unless they are chewed. Peel is inedible; in addition, it can contain pesticides.
Dragon fruit – useful properties
Like all exotic fruits, Dragon fruit contains many vitamins, especially vitamin C, antioxidants, minerals, fruit acids and dietary fiber. Contains a lot of ber , which helps regulate the work of the intestines and removes toxins and toxins. It is rich in antioxidants and, natural neutralizers of free radicals, which are responsible for the formation of cancer cells and aging of the organism. Dragon fruit has anti-inammatory properties, which improves wellbeing in arthritis and other chronic diseases. Useful in diabetes, because it regulates blood sugar. Due to the high content of vitamin C , it strengthens the immune system, and regular consumption serves to prevent the occurrence of respiratory diseases such as asthma.
It contains vitamins B – B1, B2 and B3, iron, calcium phosphorus, proteins, fiber, niacin and vitamin C. It is a good source of nutrients while remaining a very low-calorie product. Mask for the face of puree fruit puree great anti-aging care – increases the elasticity of the skin and tones it. Pulp shows perfectly calms sunburned skin. Being on vacation in Southeast Asia, it is an excellent and natural way to moisturize and restore the skin after sunbathing. To all that said, Dragon fruit is just a tasty and vitamin fruit, which still gives an incredible aesthetic pleasure. Fruit dragon’s heart – contra-indications and harm As is usually the case with exotic fruits, some people have an allergy to the dragon fruit, so try to eat very little for the rest time. If there are no negative reactions, then you can safely use this wonderful fruit. As for other contraindications, the science of them is still unknown. Of course, people with chronic diseases should always consult their physician before applying new foods. Fruit dragon fruit, unfortunately, because of the fragility, it is almost impossible to and on the shelves of stores in our country, but those who like to relax in exotic countries of Southeast Asia, there are all chances to try it.