Hibiscus is a quite large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. The genus hibiscus containing several hundred species and that are native to warm temperate, tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world. Members are popular due to their large, showy flowers and are commonly known simply as hibiscus, or less widely known as rose mallow. The genus hibiscus comprises both perennial and annual herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees.
Common Name: Pineland Hibiscus, Comfort root, Pinelands Mallow, Sharp Rose mallow, Rough Rose mallow
This is native perennial Hibiscus U.S. The roots of H. aculeatus contain mucilage and have been used as a soothing agent, so it called as name Comfort root. Found obviously in sandy soil; moist pinelands, bogs, ditches, savannas and coastal plains from Florida to Louisiana, north to North Carolina…… MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common Name: kokiʻo keʻokeʻo (“kokiʻo that is white like the shine of silver”)
Hibiscus arnottianus is one of the hibiscus species native to the Hawaiian Islands. H. arnottianus have used in the development of many of the Hibiscus rosasinensis varieties. H. arnottianus is an endemic species of hibiscus with white flowers. Three subspecies are recognized. This species is watchfully linked to H. waimeae, and the two are among the very few members of the genus with fragrant flowers.
Three subspecies of Hibiscus arnottianus are documented:
arnottianus (photo above) is from Wai’anae and eastern Ko’olau mountains of O’ahu.
immaculatus which is very rare and endangered and native to Moloka’i .
punaluuensis, is also native to O’ahu. This is the most common
Hibiscus boryanus is native to islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans and it is an endangered and protected species. It is a small tree up to a height of 8m, endemic to the Mascarene Islands.
Common name: Ma’o hau hele, Native Yellow Hibiscus, Brackenridge’s Rose mallow
Hibiscus brackenridgei is Hawai’i’s State flower and it is listed as an endangered species. It is found on all the main Hawaiian Islands except Ni’ihau and Kaho’olawe, but it is not common in any location. Hibiscus brackenridgei varies in appearance among islands but generally falls into three subspecies:
brackenridgei of Maui, Molokai, Lanai and the Big Island,
mokuleianus, The Mokulei Rosemallow of Oahu and Kauai.
Hibiscus cameronii is endemic species to Madagascar. This species was named in honor of David Cameron, curator of the Birmingham Horticultural Society in England during the 1830s…..MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common name: Hibisco de Bañado and Rosa Del Río,
cisplatinus has attractive pink flowers with a darker throat. H. cisplatinus is the only Hibiscus species endemic Argentina and Uruguay and the only deciduous Hibiscus found in South America.
Common name: Scarlet Hibiscus, Marsh Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose mallow, Red Hibiscus
Hibiscus coccineus occurs naturally in marshes swamps, and ditches near streams and rivers from Georgia and Alabama to central Florida. H. coccineus is one of the largest and most striking of the North American Hibiscus.
Common name: Mahot Rempart
Hibiscus columnaris is endemic to Mauritius and Réunion Islands, however, on Mauritius it is considered extinct since the last specimen was seen in the 19th century…..MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common name: Algodoncillo, Hibisco de Sabana and Baba de Perro.
Hibiscus costatus is a perennial shrub found in Southern Mexico, Cuba, and Central America. H.costatus grows in oak woodland, savanna, scrub, evergreen forest, often in wet or sandy places……MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common name: Neches River Rose mallow, Nacogdoches River Mallow and Narrow Leaved Hibiscus
Hibiscus dasycalyx are mainly confined to marshy habitats in the eastern half of the United States, and are collectively identified as ‘Rose mallows’……MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Hibiscus diriffan is endemic to the island of Soqotra and it has small graygreen leaves and bright yellow flowers…….MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
This species show colour change in flower from pale pink to white. When blooms first open in the morning they are a pale pink color, but as the day progresses, they fade to white. The leaves are very similar to Hibiscus liliiflorus.
Common name: Augerine and Mandrinette
fragilis is endemic to Mauritius and Réunion Islands. This is now considered extinct on Réunion. In nature, Hibiscus fragilis is found in exposed locations of mountainous areas such as subtropical and tropical dry habitats.
Common name: Native Rosella, Various Leaved Hibiscus and Sorrel Tree.
Hibiscus heterophyllus is found in open Australian forests from the south coast of New South Wales to northeast Queensland.
Common name: Lesser Mallow, Dupari (Marathi), Lalsurgumini (Bengali)
Hibiscus hirtus is a diminutive species from the East Indies and Malaysia.
Common name: Phillip Island Hibiscus.
Hibiscus insularis is endemic to Phillip Island in the Norfolk Island Group and species is listed as Critically Endangered. H.insularis is perfect for growing in coastal areas and is reasonably salt tolerant……….MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common name: Hawaiian Red Hibiscus, Red Koki‘o, Koki‘o ‘Ula ‘Ula, Pualoalo
kokio is a rare and small tree with red flowers. This Hawaiian species of hibiscus is not formally red listed. It was the official flower of Hawaii.
Hibiscus kokio ssp. saintjohnianus
Common name: Hawaiian Orange Hibiscus, St. John’s Rose mallow, St. John’s Hibiscus, Koki’o, Koki’o ‘ula , Koki’o’ula’ula , Maku
Hibiscus kokio ssp. saintjohnianus (formerly Hibiscus saintjohnianus and Hibiscus roetae) is endemic species to the island of Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands. The name saintjohnianus honors one of Hawaii’s most well-known botanists, Harold St. John.
It is highly variable, having many different forms on Oahu, Kauai, Maui, Molokai and possibly Hawaii. Normally, each has dark green, glossy leaves with serrated margins and a pointed apex. The flowers are usually red and measure only about 2 to 3 inches in diameter……….MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Hibiscus moscheutos “luna red “
Common name: Swamp Rosemallow, Musk mallow, Fu Rong Kui
Hibiscus moscheutos is a cold hardy perennial found in wetlands and along the riverine systems of the southeastern United States………MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
Common name: Archer’s Hibiscus, Aute àMoorea
Hibiscus Archeri is an old hybrid hibiscus between Hibiscus schizopetalus and Hibiscus rosa sinensis. Named for A.S. Archer, of Antigua in the Antilles, this striking variety of hibiscus is a straight, fast growing shrub, often grown on its own roots.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is as China rose, Chinese hibiscus, Hawaiian hibiscus, and shoeblackplant. It is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the family Malvaceae and native to East Asia. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is considered to have a number of medical practices in Chinese herbology. It may have some potential role in cosmetic skin care; for example, an extract of flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has been exposed to function as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.
Common name: Storck’s Hibiscus, Sequelu, Aute Tonga
This mysterious species was discovered in 1860 by botanists Dr. Berthold Seemann and Jacob Storck on the Fijian island of Taveuni.
Common name: maroon mallow, false roselle, red leaved hibiscus, and red shield hibiscus.
Hibiscus acetosella is an angiosperm of the genus Hibiscus. This ornamental is habitually found in open areas or abandoned fields, forest clearings and marshes. Cranberry hibiscus is a member of a perennial group recognized as hardy hibiscus. In contrast to the tropical hibiscus, hardy hibiscus can tolerate colder conditions, are longer lasting, more vigorous, and have larger flowers.
Hibiscus asper is a perennial herb growing up to 2 m tall and it’s stems have fine prickles. H. asper is occasionally cultivated as a vegetable, especially in DR Cong and Senegal. The leaves of H. asper dried over a fire and then applied to eczematous sores. The leaves are also considered as medicine for the treatment of other skin problems. The plant is depurative, antidote, restorative, diuretic and tonic. It is used to treat a variety of complaints including anaemia, urethritis, jaundice, angina, malaria, poisoning, painful and irregular menstruation, and leucorrhoea.MORE DETAILS AND IMAGES
The lemon yellow rose mallow or Hibiscus calyphyllus, is a shrub from tropical Africa belonging to the Hibiscus genus. H. calyphyllus grows to 1-1.8 meters tall. Flowers of H.calyphyllus grow to 8–10 cm wide, with a yellow color and a brownish center. H. calyphyllus is a summer bloomer that means it can be grown in many locations in Europe and North American. H. calyphyllus is a day-bloomer with the flowers opening some hours after sunrise and closing some hours before sunset.DETAILS AND IMAGES
Hibiscus clayi is an endemic small tree or shrub with bright red flowers, normally similar to H. kokio, and found in nature on Kauai in dry forests. It is listed as endangered species.DETAILS AND IMAGES
It is a pink-flowered hibiscus and listed as an indigenous species, naturally found in low and marshy areas of the Caribbean, Central and South America, Hawaii and Florida, where it is known as ʻakiohala, ʻakiahala, hau hele, and hau hele wai .
H.genevii, locally known as mandrinette is a critically endangered species of hibicus endemic to the island of Mauritius. H.genevii grows as a small bush of only 2 or 3 meters in height.
Giant rose mallow or H.grandiflorus is a big herbaceous perennial, occasionally reaching 10 ft (3 m) or more in height, and often emerging a semi woody stem near its base. The name of this plsnt says it has grand flowers, with five six-inch (15 cm) petals which are pale pinkish violet with crimson bases. The spectacular flowers of H.grandiflorus open in the late afternoon and are completed by noon the following day, but a succession of blooms keeps up the show from mid-summer through autumn. H. grandiflorus arises in fresh and brackish marshes and the edges of swamps, streams, ponds, and channels. It often finds itself standing in shallow water.
Hibiscus hispidissimus is a large climber, with occasionally reddish stems enclosed with hooked prickles. Interchangeably arranged leaves, 6-8 cm, are palmately 3-5-lobed, hairy, prickly on the nerves, heart-shaped at base. Leaf margins are lobes long-pointed, toothed and the leaf-stalks are 5-10 cm long, prickly. Yellow flowers rise singly in leaf axils, carried on 3-5 cm long prickly stalks. It is commonly originate in the evergreen forests of Western Ghats.DETAILS AND IMAGES
Hibiscus laevis is 3-6′ tall, branching sparingly. The stems are glabrous and terete. The leaves are glabrous and their venation is partially palmate. The petioles of H. leaevis are long and slender. The upper stems terminate in either a solitary or small cluster of flowers.
It is commonly called rose mallow and which is a Missouri native plant which naturally arises in wet soils along sloughs and ponds, in ditches or in wet woods, occasionally founding large colonies. A erect, vigorous, often woody-based perennial that typically grows 4-6′ tall and features showy, hollyhock-like, 5-petaled, white or rose flowers with 4-6″ diameter. Flowers are allowed in the upper leaf axils. Each flower has a prominent and showy center staminal column.
Hibiscus lobatus, is a perennial shrub belonging to the family Malvaceae. It originates in the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa and Madagascar. They are herbaceous deciduous plants that reach 50-130 cm in height. Young stems are hairy. Leaves widely ovate almost all around, are 12 × 10 cm in length, there are various forms from non-lobed to deeply 3-5- lobed on the same plant, usually pubescent on both surfaces with longer single hairs in the Veins above and below the starry hairs. Flowers in terminal inflorescences white to pale yellow, 1-2 cm in diameter. The fruit is an oblong-ellipsoid capsule 10 × 7 mm, pubescent, barbelo carpels.
Hibiscus macrophyllus is called large leaf rose mallow which is an ornamental plant and it can be made into Hibiscus tea.
Hibiscus macropodus is a species of flowering plant found only in Yemen.
Hibiscus moscheutos luna
Hibiscus moscheutos, commonly known as swamp rose mallow or hardy hibiscus, is a vigorous, rounded, sturdy, hairy-stemmed, somewhat shrubby, woody-based perennial of the hibiscus family. It naturally grows to 3-7’ tall and to 2-4’ wide. It is native to wet spots such as marshes, swamps, floodplains, river banks, moist meadows, and moist woods from Ontario and Massachusetts south to Ohio, Indiana, Alabama and Florida.
Hibiscus mutabilis, also known as the Dixie rose mallow, Confederate rose, or the cotton rose mallow, is a plant noted for its flowers. Flowers can be double or single and are 4 to 6 inches in diameter; they open white or pink, and change to deep red by evening. The ‘Rubra’ a hibiscus variety has red flowers. Single blooming flowers are normally cup-shaped. Bloom season of H.mutabilis is usually lasts from summer through fall. Leaves and flowers of H. mutabilis are emollient and cooling, and are used to treat skin infections and swellings. Mucilage from flowers and leaves is used by midwives to simplify delivery process during labour.
Hibiscus platanifolius or Maple-Leaved Mallow, is a species of flowering tree in Malvaceae family. It is native to the Sri Lanka and India. In Sri Lankan texts, the plant is widely acknowledged by its synonym H. eriocarpus. The tree is about 8m tall and leaves are hairy; trilobed and cordate at base. Flowers exhibit axillary panicles where flowers show typical Hibiscus flower colors, pink with dark center and Fruit is a capsule.
Hibiscus sabdariffa L
Hibiscus sabdariffa or Roselle is a species of Hibiscus native to West Africa, and it used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion so this reason it can be known as carcade. It is a perennial or annual herb or woody-based subshrub. The leaves are 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long, deeply three- to five-lobed, arranged alternately on the stems. Hibiscus sabdariffa is mainly cultivated for the production of bast fibre from the stem. Roselle has been used in folk medicine as a mild laxative and diuretic. Brazilians characteristic emollient, stomachic and resolutive properties to the bitter roots.
Hibiscus schizopetalus is a native to tropical eastern Africa in Tanzania, Mozambique, and Kenya. It has lot of common names such as Japanese lantern, fringed rose mallow, coral hibiscus, and spider.
The pink or red flowers are very characteristic in their frilly, excellently divided petals. The major anthocyanin found in flowers of H. schizopetalus is cyanidin-3-sambusophoroside and from leaves, two new triterpene esters have been isolated.
Hibiscus scottii is found only in Yemen and its natural habitat is tropical or subtropical dry forests.
splendens is a species of flowering shrub or tree from the Malvaceae family. It has common names include pink cottonwood and hollyhock tree. It is a common plant native to eastern Australia. The habitat of H.splendens is on disturbances around or clearings the margins of the drier rainforests.
Hibiscus syriacus is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, and native to much of Asia. It has several Common names such as Syrian ketmia,rose of Sharon or rose mallow and St Joseph’s rod. The flowers are often pink in color, but can also be dark pink, light pink or white. Individual flowers are short-lived, lasting only a day.
tiliaceus is a stout, large, open-branched shrub or small tree with scattering branches. It grows to a height of 3–6 m. H. tiliaceus is a species of flowering tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae and it is native to the Old World tropics. It has several common names include beach hibiscus, sea hibiscus, coastal hibiscus, green cottonwood, coastal cottonwood, native hibiscus, cottonwood hibiscus, native rosella, kurrajong, Norfolk hibiscus, sea rosemallow, balibago, balibago (Tagalog), bhendi (Marathi), hau (Hawaiian), waru (Indonesian), purau (Tahitian), and vau tree.
The wood of H. tiliaceus has been used in a variety of applications, such as firewood, seacraft construction and wood carvings. The bark and roots of H. tiliaceus may be boiled to develop a cooling tea for cool fevers, and its young leafy shoots may be consumed as vegetables.DETAILS AND IMAGES
trionum is a species of a seldom seen short-lived perennial or annual plant. It is easy to grow plant performs as the perfect filler in beds and containers. Hibiscus trionum has so many other names including bladder hibiscus, flower-of-an-hour, bladder weed, bladder ketmia, flower-of-the-hour, puarangi, modesty, shoofly and venice mallow. It is an annual plant native to the Levant. It has spread throughout southern Europe both as a weed and cultivated as a garden plant. The plant grows to a height of 20–50 centimetres (7.9–19.7 in), sometimes exceeding 80 centimetres (31 in), and has white or yellow flowers with a purple centre.DETAILS AND IMAGES
Hibiscus waimeae is a species of flowering plant in the Malvaceae family and it is endemic to the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaii. It is a small gray-barked tree, reaching a height of 6–10 metres and a trunk diameter of 0.3 m
There are two documented subspecies of Hibiscus waimeae. Subspecies hannerae has larger leaves and smaller flowers, about 2 inches in diameter. This subspecies is rare and occurs only in Kaua’i’s northwestern valleys of Hanakapi’ai, Limahuli, and Kalihi Wai. The subspecies waimeae has larger flowers and is occur from Waimea Canyon to the western and southwestern ocean-facing valleys of Kaua’i at elevations of 2,000 to 3,000 feet.